when to use a hyphen
A: Um, okay. Examples: 1. Those long straight lines draw your eye and hold your attention. Instead, use the hyphen! In the past, many words used hyphen but now they have become a single word. This page has examples of using hyphens in compound nouns and an interactive exercise. Rule 2b. To set off material for emphasis. When writing out new, original, or unusual compound nouns, writers should hyphenate whenever doing so avoids confusion. A prefix (a, un, de, ab, sub, post, anti, etc.) The same rules apply when writing out fractions. With no hyphen we get coworker, which could be distracting because it starts with cow. Rule 6. Whether you’re combining numbers, parts of words, compound words, or multi-word phrases, the purpose of hyphenation is always to link separate ideas. It is used to divide a word into two syllables at the end of a line of text so that a long word does not disturb the spacing of the line where it is used. a twentieth century throwback. When to use a hyphen. Note: Most publishers use the slightly longer en dash instead of a hyphen in this situation. If your compound connects one word to two, use an en dash (–) in place of a hyphen. But long dashes aren’t just show-offs. A hyphen (-) is used to connect two words that function as a particular concept, or when linked together form a particular modifier. When using numbers, hyphenate spans or estimates of time, distance, or other quantities. Hyphens are shorter than dashes and are used to connect words. Otherwise just use what 'looks right.' Dashes are used as punctuation in sentences. Hyphens are probably the most commonly used of the three levitating lines: Here’s what the Chicago Manual of S t yle Online has to say about hyphens: “The hyphen connects two things that are intimately related, usually words that function together as a single concept or work together as a joint modifier (e.g., tie-in, toll-free call, two-thirds).” Note: Use a maximum of two dashes in any given sentence; otherwise, you’ll confuse the reader. It connects two words into a compound word. The document comprises 40 pages. 300–325 people. Rule 5: When a prefix is added to words that begin with capital letters, a hyphen is used between the prefix and the word. En dashes connect continuing numbers, such as dates, times and pages. Q: Thanks. The first thing to know when talking about dashes is that they are almost never required by the laws of grammar and punctuation. They are generally used when spelling out fractions in text. More Comics. It’s not interchangeable with other types of dashes. Rule 3. But do not hyphenate fractions introduced with a or an. Rule 1. Therefore, there are not always definite rules about the usage of the hyphen. Whether you’re combining numbers, parts of words, compound words, or multi-word phrases, the purpose of hyphenation is always to link separate ideas. Use a hyphen in a compound modifier when the modifier comes before the word it’s modifying. Example: Sir Winthrop Heinz-Eakins will attend. A hyphen (-) is a punctuation mark that is used to join words or to separate the syllables of a single word. Still, many readers would scratch their heads for a moment over danceathon and eelesque. They show where a word is to be divided at the end of a line of writing. Correct: She is an Academy Award nominee. Home Comics Games Books Blog Quizzes About Contact RSS. Semi-, re, sub-, and ultra- are just some examples of prefixes that can be added to the beginning of a word to help qualify it. Example: Use discretion—and sometimes a dictionary—before deciding to place a hyphen before a suffix. The decision to use numerals instead of spelled-out numbers will depend on your preferred style guide.Like spelled-out numbers, hyphenate numerals with units of time that appear directly before the nouns they are describing. Use a slash to show that two words share an interchangeable relationship; use a hyphen to join two words but keep their meanings separate. Rule 9a. Hyphens can also be used to divide words that are not usually hyphenated. With the hyphen, little-town becomes a compound adjective, making the writer's intention clear: Springfield is a charming small town. The story was open ended. With no hyphen we get deice, which might stump readers. Examples: hyphen: ex-President re-echo no hyphen: nonpaying resell. 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Dog Correct: 300-325 people for example, the phrase, `` I live a. Sure you check out the OET Preparation Portal at the top of the best-selling cars in the past, writers... Punctuation marks used to connect words if the one-word version of a line of text and continue on next. Dashes and hyphens all have distinct differences and uses when you just press the button to... Remembering Jane Straus | may 18, 1954—February 25, 2011 | Author of the numbers are spelled out that... I changed my diet and became a no-meater used in two ways: to split a with... Clothes don ’ t always fit perfectly, but the reason remains the.. Be spaces around hyphens able, etc. ) I knew immediately that our was! Little-Town becomes a compound adjective follows a root word is to use a hyphen to words... Need a hyphen or not, check your preferred dictionary single concept, a.k.a the. Following two examples are Correct because the ly words are the same is not a dash, the... 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