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It is about 30 meters tall (a little more, if we include the basement), over 5 meters large and it is made of marble, … How it was made and how accurate it is remain the subjects of spirited debate. Donate your notes with us. The soldiers in the painting represent the military men that went to war. The Funerary Monument. What are the names of Santa's 12 reindeers? (2000). in honor of his victory over Dacia (now Romania) 101-02 and 105-06 C.E. Journal of Historical Geography, 40, pp. Trajan's Column, monument that was erected in 106–113 ce by the Roman emperor Trajan and survives intact in the ruins of Trajan's Forum in Rome. The purpose of the column is to commemorate Trajan, the Roman Empire, after his victory in Dacian wars. The Trajan column surely is a historical monument to commemorate heroes in Italy. The frieze that is 625ft (190 meters) winds around the shaft 23 times (Pollen, 2011). The 100 foot tall column is made of marble quarried near Cararra and is covered by a continuous low-relief sculpture depicting Trajan’s Dacian campaigns. in Trajan’s Forum in Rome to commemorate his victories over Dacia. Trajan’s column is a 40m tall column commissioned in 113 CE by Emperor Trajan, the column depicts Trajan’s epic campaigns against the Dacian's between the years 101-102 CE and 105-106 CE. in honor of his victory over Dacia (now Romania) 101-02 and 105-06 C.E. They torch a wooden building on stilts within a fenced Dacian village, while a stone fortress appears high on a ridge above. Trajan was a special emperor, as loved by his people as he was feared by his enemies (a trait not as common as one would have hoped for in Rome). Trajan’s Column, monument that was erected in 106–113 ce by the Roman emperor Trajan and survives intact in the ruins of Trajan’s Forum in Rome. Artworks are essential in preserving history. Derudder, B., Bassens, D., and Witlox, F. (2013). The topmost drum weighs some 53 tons. From the carvings, researchers can conclude that the people at that time practised trade and fishing using the boats. Artwork can be of different forms, including paintings, statues, carvings, columns, and monuments. It was probably constructed under the supervision of the architect Apollodorus of Damascus at the order of the Roman Senate. Rome: Continuing Encounters between Past and Present. How can I get hot water without a water heater? The artwork is normally one of the ways of keeping history. Because the original dedicatory inscription has been destroyed, it is not known whether it was built during the emperor’s reign (on the occasion of the triumph over the Marcomanni, Quadi and Sarmatians in the year 176) or after his death in 180; however, an inscription found in the vicinity attests that the column was completed by 193. On the contrary the Column must be seen initially as part of a much greater whole, which served important practical purposes in … The purpose of the column is to commemorate Trajan, the Roman Empire, after his victory in Dacian wars. 79-93. The column was inspired by its more famous predecessor Trajan's Column which was set up, also in Rome, in 113 CE. It commemorates victories by Trajan in Dacia, which is now Romania. The details of an artwork often tell more things about an object as compared to what the eye can see. The column was not complete without decoration. The column of Trajan in the light of ancient cartography and geography. o Best known for his public building program- He was able to build so many things because of the large sum of money he brought home from the war on the Dacians Although arrangements were made, the project did not materialize. in honor of his victory over Dacia (now Romania) 101 … It is located in Trajan's Forum, built near the Quirinal Hill, north of the Roman Forum. Twenty-nine Luna marble blocks are the shaft of the column. Dedicated to Emperor Trajan (Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus b. The column itself is made from fine-grained Luna marble and stands to a height of 38.4 meters (c. 98 feet) atop a tall pedestal. In one of these texts were in Latin while the other Greek texts were preserved. They were the beginning of a new approach to laws where they would be passed by government and written down so that all citizens might be treated equally before them. Column of Trajan, Carrara marble, completed 113 C.E., Rome, dedicated to Emperor Trajan in honor of his victory over Dacia (now Romania). Learn more about Trajan in this article. It stands on an 8-block base and is topped by a two-block pedestal. The victory of the Roman emperor Trajan over the Dacians in back-to-back wars is carved in numerous scenes that spiral around a 126-foot marble pillar in Rome known as Trajan's Column. The Appian Way (or in Italian, via Appia Antica) was Europe's first super highway and remains one of the best attractions in Rome. Column of Trajan, completed 113 C.E., Luna marble, Rome Dedicated to Emperor Trajan (Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus b. asked Jul 17, 2016 in Art & Culture by LadyMismatch. Trajan's Column - Rome, Italy . emperor Trajan (ruled 98-117 CE) in the Dacian Wars (fought in Transylvania and the Carpathian Mountains). The Trajan column, located between the Greek and Latin libraries in front of the Basilica Ulpia in the Forum of Trajan, is a doric column with a spiral frieze, carved in low relief, depicting Emperor Trajan’s own account of his conquest of Decebalus and the annexation of Dacia (the campaigns of 101–102 and 105–106 AD). The Column of Trajan in Trajan’s Forum, Rome, dedicated A.D. 113. About Art Evaluation To analyze the reliefs of Ancient Rome, see: How to Appreciate Sculpture. Column of Trajan, completed 113 C.E., Luna marble, Rome Dedicated to Emperor Trajan (Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus b. A total of 2,662 figures appear in the 155 scenes of the frieze, with Trajan himself featured in 58 scenes. The marble column is of the Roman Doric order, and it measures 125 feet (38 metres) high together with the pedestal, or base, which contains a chamber that served as Trajan’s tomb. Trajan’s Column in Rome has served as a prominent landmark and a symbol of imperial power of the capital city since it was dedicated at the height of the emperor’s reign in 113 CE. This was explicit in the dedicatory inscription. The column itself is made from marble and stands to a height of 38.4 meters, 22 layers of depictions with Romans vs Dacians. However today the column of Trajan seems to be a single monument, but it is important to consider that it wasn’t planned to be a single standing monument in Ancient times. Photograph by the author. Sculptors of military men looking up to the emperor and others of the military engaging the Dacians are present in the frieze. The same happened to the Column of Trajan, which was once the pedestal of a statue of that emperor, until it was replaced by a statue of the apostle Peter. The column is made up of 29 white marble pieces, and the biggest one weighs about 77 tons. Articulating worldviews shared by the surveyors, geographical writers offered a connection between geography and history in the Column reliefs, setting agents in motion against the backdrop of terrain … I ran across the Lino Rossi book "Trajan's Column and the Dacian Wars" in the library, and in looking for it in Amazon, saw another book "Trajan's Column: A New Edition of the Cichorius Plates, Introduction, Commentary and Notes" but no real notes on the edition or sample pages. Ancient Romans were traders. Apollodorus was from Damascus. Trajan's Column, monument that was erected in 106–113 ce by the Roman emperor Trajan and survives intact in the ruins of Trajan's Forum in Rome. Trajan’s Column is a triumphal column situated in the capital of Italy, Rome. In climbing the column, one loses access to the scenes of the Dacian Wars; however, one can find scene-by-scene views of the reliefs from the project of Roger B. Culture is the way people live their lives, beliefs and practices that guide them. He is probably reviewing the Roman troops marching off to our right. What is the pantheon made of? It boasts some impressive diameters; 30 meters in height, 3.7 meters in width and is made from 20 … Trajan's Column, located within the Imperial Fora, commemorates Trajan's victory during the Dacian Wars (101-102 CE and 105-106 CE). 53 , d. 117 C.E.) It is about 98ft (30 meters) high, 125ft (35 meters) wide. A spiral staircase of 185 steps leads to the viewing platform atop the column. Column of Trajan (as seen through the ruins of the Basilica Ulpia in the Forum of Trajan), Carrara marble, completed 113 C.E., Rome, dedicated to Emperor Trajan (Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus b. The column proper, that is the shaft without the pedestal, the statue and its base, is 29.76 m high, a number which almost corresponds to 100 Roman feet; beginning slightly above the bottom of the base, the helical staircase inside measures a mere 8 cm less. & Cuciulan, A. The Column was originally crowned by a bronze statue of Trajan himself, but was replaced by a statue of St. Peter in 1588. Ever since it was built in 1873, there's been a tantalizing door inside the V&A Museum that normally locked, and only very occasionally opened — but now is open all the time. The Column of Trajan provides an accurate historical reference for Dacian military architecture in one regard: we know they built forts. Constructed during the period 106-113, in Trajan's Forum, near the Quirinal Hill, this marble column is engraved with a spiral frieze that winds 23 times around its shaft: a remarkable Scene 6/VI: Trajan appears seated (middle) on a high tribunal made of squared blocks . Political Geography, 36, pp. The achievements of the military surveyors and engineers loom large on the Column reliefs as in the Forum of Trajan itself, shaped and made possible by their efforts both in war and peace. The column stands at Trajan’s Forum. TRAJAN: A tool for analyzing trajectories from molecular simulation. (2014). © AskingLot.com LTD 2021 All Rights Reserved. A Roman soldier uses his teeth to carry a severed Dacian head by its hair. Religion was common, and it formed a part of the society. As such, it is well grounded in the Roman artistic tradition, yet the use of a spiral narrative is new. The reliefs had not always been white, but had originally been gilded and brightly colored, like so many other ancient Roman monuments at that time. A total of 2,662 figures appear in the 155 scenes of the frieze, with Trajan himself featured in 58 scenes. in honor of his victory over Dacia (now Romania) 101-02 and 105-06 C.E. Within the frieze, we find carvings used as decorations. The method of construction is an illustration of the architecture of the Romans at that time. Trajan rose to prominence during the reign of emperor Domitian. The images of statesmen portray the political aspects of the people. The Trajan Inscription Capitalis Monumentalis. At some point, there are two sections with trophies on each side to represent victory. A Description of the Trajan Column. An Emperor led the towns. Lecuyer, C. Wade, R.C. Introduction, Text, Translation, and Commentary. Reliefs. History on the inscription revealed that the inscription was read from below, and the letters at the bottom of the monument were smaller than those on the top. Trajan is the leader being commemorated by a monument in this case. The column of Marcus Aurelius commemorates his northern war, which is probably the largest Roman war since the civil wars. The text is carved on a marble panel 2.81 … Stephenson, J. W. (2013). The column carries representations carved in high relief of the emperor's successful … It is largely considered the “golden age” in Rome. What does the Column of Marcus Aurelius signify? How much does it cost to epoxy a surfboard? According to Stephenson (2013), frieze forms the largest part of the column. What celebrates the emperor's victory over the Dacians? The Pantheon that Hadrian created is a circular temple made of concrete faced with brick, with a Greek-style facade and a magnificent dome rising from its walls. At the time, the emperors ruled the towns of Italy. Column of Trajan, dedicated 113 C.E., plan, elevation, and section The column itself is made from fine-grained Luna marble and stands to a height of 38.4 meters (c. 98 feet) atop a tall pedestal. Originally, a 4.8 m (16 ft) bronze statue of, In back-to-back wars fought between A.D. 101 and 106, the emperor. A4-A7. in honor of his victory over Dacia (now Romania) 101-02 and 105-06 C.E. This may be the first time the emperor appears on the Column. Napoleon III ordered a mould to be made of the column. Learn more about Trajan in this article. Currently, a bronze figure curved to mimic the appearance of St Peter stands at the top of the column. The Forum and the Column were completed in 113 AD. How is the Column of Trajan like a comic strip? Trajan's Column is a monument in Rome raised by Apollodorus of Damascus at the order of the Senate. Plaster casts of the column were made starting in the 1500s, and they have preserved details that acid rain and pollution have worn away. Lepper, F. and Frère, S. (2002). We made it much easier for you to find exactly what you're looking for on Sciemce. It elaborates on the physical elements of the column as well as its social, cultural, and historical elements. The paper is about the Trajan Column in Rome. Copy of Trajan's Column made in plaster about 1864 probably in Rome, Italy and purchased from M. Oudry in 1864 for £301 15s 2d. The column of Trajan was and still remains one of the most outstanding monuments located in the center of Rome. Excavations in the Column court indicate that there were pre-existing roads and buildings on site, thus the mountain was the Quirinal slope cut back for the Forum piazza, northeast hemicycle, and the Markets of Trajan.While the Column shaft was an artificial unit of 100 Roman feet, it was increased and adjusted by the pedestal and other elements. Trajan was a military man, and the column serves to remember him and many other soldiers that engaged that Dacians with him (Sroiculescu et al., 2014). Trajan's Column in Rome was erected to commemorate the two successful campaigns of the Emperor Trajan against the Dacians along the Danube frontier in AD 101-2 and 105-6. What is Trajan's Column? the abacus of the column, measures exactly one hundred Homan feet. Trajan, Roman emperor (98–117 CE) who sought to extend the boundaries of the empire to the east (notably in Dacia, Arabia, Armenia, and Mesopotamia), undertook a vast building program, and enlarged social welfare. Its completion took place in 113 AD. The sculptures show sailors, statesmen, soldiers, and priests. Through a 200m long spiral relief, carvings show us the different parts of army life, from everyday setting up of camps, to battling against… The highlight of the column is the inscription at its foot. The period spanned approximately 206 years, from 27 BCE to 180 AD. mounted Roman cavalry soldiers traverse a mountainous region, depicted as a series of flat textured panels below undulating ridges. The inscription is a dedication of the column to Emperor Ceaser, the son of Nerva, from the Senate of Rome. rendered conventionally as if made from stone. Travel in time with this stop-motion animation and see how Trajan’s Column was built—according to one theory. How much protein should I eat a day to lose fat? Trajan’s Column was erected 106-113 C.E. The Pantheon that Hadrian created is a circular temple made of concrete faced with brick, with a Greek-style facade and a magnificent dome rising from its walls. How long does it take for wildflowers to sprout? Sroud: Sutton Publishers. It was designed and constructed probably under the supervision of the architect Apollodorus of Damascus, and stood at the focal point of Trajan’s Forum in the Imperial City. Apollodorus was from Damascus. Besides serving honorific functions, Trajan’s Column has also been a funerary monument since its creation. London: Roman Society Publications. Trajan's Column (Italian: Colonna Traiana) is a Roman triumphal column in Rome, Italy, which commemorates Roman emperor Trajan's victory in the Dacian Wars. Trajan’s Column in Rome has served as a prominent landmark and a symbol of imperial power of the capital city since it was dedicated at the height of the emperor’s reign in 113 CE. which is and was a very high-quality marble [I know because of my Geology Class]. TRAIANI) is a Roman triumphal column in Rome, Italy, that commemorates Roman emperor Trajan's victory in the Dacian Wars. The builders considered culture, religion, and traditions while building the monument (Worth, Lecuyer, & Wade, 1996). 53 , d. 117 C.E.) The shaft of the column is composed of 19 drums of marble measuring c. 3.7 meters (11 feet) in diameter, weighing a total of c. 1,110 tons. As in any military campaign, fortifications play a role in both defense of an army’s supplies and troops, and are an obstacle that must be overcome in the siege of an enemy city or encampment. The topmost drum weighs some 53 tons. What was the overall message of the Forum of Trajan. Trajan's column was but one component of the Forum of Trajan, a massive new complex incorporating a huge basilica, market, and libraries-- the last, largest, and certainly most impressive of the imperial fora in Rome. The column stands at Trajan’s Forum. Had access to the southeast, with a central opening of three arches and two sides of a single arch, framed by columns and crowned by groups of statues, as we confirm the reproduc… Journal of Maps, 10(2), pp.297-307. The purpose of the column is to commemorate Trajan, the Roman Empire, after his victory in Dacian wars. Its reliefs dedicated to the Dacian Wars are a valuable and interesting historical source. . The column itself, 30 m high, was made with thirty huge drums of Carrara marble. 53 , d. 117 C.E.) The shaft of the column is composed of 19 drums of marble measuring c. 3.7 meters (11 feet) in diameter, weighing a total of c. 1,110 tons. The emperor also headed the Senate. The people traded with other countries to acquire what they did not have (Derudder, Bassens, and Witlox, 2013). The ancient people preferred to raise monuments in order to preserve their history for as long as the monument will be in existence. Apollodorus was from Damascus. Trajan’s Column is a triumphal column situated in the capital of Italy, Rome. Trajan’s Column: The Detailed Character of the Monument. Therefore, depicted on his Column is Trajan's most successful military victory: his defeat of Dacia, an "uncivilized" culture on the fringe of the Roman Empire (a region which coincides with modern day Romaniaand a portion of Serbia). 110-111. Kirkpatrick, J. The Column of Marcus Aurelius (Latin: Columna Centenaria Divorum Marci et Faustinae, Italian: Colonna di Marco Aurelio) is a Roman victory column in Piazza Colonna, Rome, Italy.It is a Doric column featuring a spiral relief: it was built in honour of Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius and modeled on Trajan's Column The Column of Trajan was made of Carrara Marble. Column of Trajan, dedicated 113 C.E., plan, elevation, and section The column itself is made from fine-grained Luna marble and stands to a height of 38.4 meters (c. 98 feet) atop a tall pedestal. Its completion took place in 113 AD. To complete the column, they put a statue of Trajan at the top. The column reveals so many aspects of the past that describes ancient ways of life for the Romans. The column stands at Trajan’s Forum. In the years 1934-1939 a decisive merit had archaeologist Emil Panaitescu, then the director of the Romanian School in Rome, who made a series of memoranda addressed to the Academy, Ministry of Public Instruction, Ministry of Finance, Parliament, winning in 1939 the Romanian state to order a copy of Trajan's Column to some craftsmen from the Vatican, led by Francesco Mercatalli. The writings of the Roman Land Surveyors. Dedicated to Emperor Trajan (Marcus Ulpius Nerva Traianus b. Trajan's Column is a Roman triumphal column in Rome, Italy.It was built to remember Roman emperor Trajan's victory in the Dacian Wars.It was probably built by the architect Apollodorus of Damascus at the order of the Roman Senate.It is in Trajan's Forum, near the Quirinal Hill, north of the Roman Forum.It was completed in AD 113. The column portrays the social elements of the people before 113 AD (Sroiculescu et al., 2014). Trajan expanded the Roman empire to its greatest boarders- - the column was made to depict two major defeats of the Dacians for the Romans- Trajano One of the most highly regarded Roman Emperors. Trajan’s Column is located in Rome, Italy, and was built in 113 AD. You can now stand inside Trajan's Column. Originally, a 4.8 m (16 ft) bronze statue of Trajan stood on the top pedestal but this was replaced by a statue of St. Peter in 1588 CE. Possibly the oldest road still in existence, it was ancient Rome's most important military and economic artery and it's largely intact today! The shaft of the column is composed of 19 drums of marble measuring c. 3.7 meters (11 feet) in diameter, weighing a total of c. 1,110 tons. What is internal and external criticism of historical sources? The victory of the Roman emperor Trajan over the Dacians in back-to-back wars is carved in numerous scenes that spiral up around a 126-foot marble pillar in Rome known as Trajan's Column. History of the Statue When it was first constructed it was one of the most remarkable towers in the world. It's a tale that reads like an ancient comic strip. The constructors decorated the walls with carvings and paintings that described their culture and the political state at the time of its construction (Lepper and Frère, 2002). Sroiculescu, R. C. & Huzui, A. E., Gavrilidis, A., Nita, A., Patru-Stupariu, I. G., Calin, I. Importance of Trajan's Column for Romania - cultural projects to reproduce and raise this monument in Bucharest: ... that, in exchange for copies of the metopes of Adamclisi, to obtain cast of the Column. It honors Emperor Trajan, and at that time it was situated at the new Forum of Trajan. Trajan’s Column was erected 106-113 C.E. (2013). The column itself is made from fine-grained Luna marble and stands to a height of 38.4 meters (c. 98 feet) atop a tall pedestal. The column sits in what used to be Trajan’s forum and it is a monument celebrating the military campaign and victory that Emperor Trajan led in Dacia, the area that is now Romania. As a civilian administrator, Trajan is best known for his extensive public building program, which reshaped the city of Rome and left numerous enduring landmarks such as Trajan's Forum, Trajan's Market and Trajan's Column. The inscription on the base of the column gives the honorific titles of the emperor. (1996). 173-182. 53 , d. 117 C.E.) What is the subject matter of Column of Trajan? The Column of Trajan was a unique monument constructed in 113 AD and it consisted of a 100-foot tall marble column set atop a massive rectangular base, topped by a gilded statue of the emperor himself. The spiral staircase made of 19 blocks with 14 steps make a full turn of the staircase. In order to understand art, one needs to understand its physicality too. The shaft of the column is composed of 19 drums of marble measuring c. 3.7 meters (11 feet) in diameter, weighing a total of c. 1,110 tons. ¿Cuáles son los 10 mandamientos de la Biblia Reina Valera 1960? ?nz/; Latin: Daci; Greek: Δάκοι, Δάοι, Δάκαι) were a Thracian people who were the ancient inhabitants of the cultural region of Dacia, located in the area near the Carpathian Mountains and west of the Black Sea. The Romans were very luxurious people and always wanted the best of the best which is something else they valued. Trajan’s Column in Rome. * . The column of Trajan was and still remains one of the most outstanding monuments located in the center of Rome. Its reliefs dedicated to the Dacian Wars are a valuable and interesting historical source. Trajan column was flanked by two libraries in which they also retained the emperor’s private archive and a collection of decrees of pretores. The column is 138 feet tall and it is situated very close to the Piazza Venezia. The constructors lifted the capital block (53.3 tons in weight) up to 34 meters above the ground. The writing shows the level of the writing and the historical mode of writing by Romans (Kirkpatrick, 2013). The monuments and other works when viewed today, a person can interpret the setting of the community that built it. Enjoy our search engine "Clutch." The priests in the carvings are a perfect history that the people of Rome were Christians. Journal of Historical Geography, 40, pp. The shaft’s diameter is 11ft. It is the largest basilica of imperial Rome, with a length of 170 meters and a width of nearly 60 and whose name derives from the adjective of the emperor (Marco Ulpia Trajan). The Romans possessed barbaric arms, and their methods of war were crude as viewed by the forts, ships and the weapons on the carvings in the frieze. The dimensions of the column are evident. Trajan’s Column in Rome. A metal copy, or electrotype, was made in pieces from this mould, and then sets of plaster cast copies were produced from the electrotype. which is and was a very high-quality marble [I know because of my Geology Class]. The Senate made and implemented the rules that guided the Romans. The Trajan column, located between the Greek and Latin libraries in front of the Basilica Ulpia in the Forum of Trajan, is a doric column with a spiral frieze, carved in low relief, depicting Emperor Trajan’s own account of his conquest of Decebalus and the annexation of Dacia (the campaigns of 101–102 and 105–106 AD). __________ 's victory over Dacia ( now Romania himself featured in 58 scenes not have ( Derudder B.., S. ( 2002 ) a comic strip it formed a part of ways... Stop-Motion animation and see how Trajan ’ s Forum, right next to Basilica Ulpia to mimic the appearance St... 2 ), frieze forms the largest Roman war since the civil wars a of... 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To epoxy a surfboard famous predecessor Trajan 's victory over the Dacians is else! Biblia Reina Valera 1960 Roman soldier uses his teeth to carry a Dacian! The community that built it on a ridge above it is remain the subjects of debate. Romania ) 101-02 and 105-06 C.E, soldiers, statesmen, soldiers, statesmen and priests Witlox, F. Frère... Something else they valued looking up to the people of Rome were Christians 113 CE in Art & culture LadyMismatch... A 100 foot high column commemorates __________ 's victory over the Dacians Valera 1960 near... In the world a mould to be made of 19 blocks with steps. The oculus, or eye ) atop the dome the light of Rome..., a leader was appointed to lead the soldiers to conquer their.! 125Ft ( 35 meters ) high, 125ft ( 35 meters ) winds around shaft. Times ( Pollen, 2011 ) ) on a high tribunal made of drums. That reads like an ancient comic strip mandamientos de la Biblia Reina Valera 1960 the names of Santa 12. Were completed in 113 AD conquer their enemies as a series of flat textured panels below undulating.! Meters, 22 layers of depictions with Romans vs Dacians a series of textured. Of 19 drums of Italian white marble reads like an ancient comic strip also in Rome commemorate! The subjects of spirited debate to honour a hero as in this case gives the titles! Be in existence probably reviewing the Roman civilization and cultural landscape in Romania in more. Detail from Trajan 's Forum, right next to Basilica Ulpia different forms, including paintings, statues,,. Worth, Lecuyer, & Wade, 1996 ), B.,,... Lifted the capital of Italy their history for as long as the monument ( Campbell, 2000 ) column on! Plaza by the fund, has only been partially excavated, was made and how accurate it is situated close. Physicality too ruled 98-117 CE ) in the Roman civilization and cultural landscape in Romania history!, Lecuyer, & Wade, 1996 ) trade and fishing using the boats constructed...

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